Taxonomy MCQs – Zoology Questions With Answers

Taxonomy MCQs Provide knowledge of taxonomy in animal sciences, Develop concepts about importance of the systematics. Study the history of systematics with basic rules Demonstrate about identifications and naming of the organisms according to international code of zoological nomenclature.

Contents of Taxonomy MCQs

1. Importance and applications of systematics: Taxonomy in Animal science, systematics as a profession and its future perspectives.

2. History of taxonomy: systematics, basic terminology of systematics, theories of biological classifications

3. Taxonomic characters: Kinds and weightage, micro taxonomy, taxonomic categories: specific category, intraspecific category, higher categories; Species concept.

4. Typological species concept: Nominalist species concept, biological species concept, Evolutionary species concept. Kinds of different species, Speciation.

5. Taxonomic procedures, taxonomic collection; their preservation and duration, Taxonomic keys, different kinds of keys and their merits and demerits.

6. Formation of specific names, brief concept of cladistics, phylogenetic, Theory and practice of cladistics and phylogenetic systematics.

7. Systematics publications: International code of zoological nomenclature; its objective, principles, interpretation, application of important rules, with reference to: Zoological nomenclature, law of priority and validity of names.

 

 

Taxonomy MCQs – Zoology Questions With Answers
Taxonomy MCQs – Zoology Questions With Answers

 

1. In fact the ________now occupies the central position in hierarchy of organisms ?

A. Population
B. Community
C. Species
D. Deme


2. The effective killing agents in insects is ?

A. Methyl alcohol
B. Ethyl acetate
C. Ethyl alcohol
D. None


3. Species has three separate functions. It forms a ?

A. Reproductive community
B. Ecological unit
C. Genetical unit
D. All a, b, c


4. Sibley (1954) called these species like entities as ________which are discernible on the basis of partial reproductive isolation externally contrasting with free gene exchange internally ?

A. Syngameon
B. Varities
C. Semispecies
D. all a, b, c


5. among the chiggers, a group of mites only 3 species were known in 1900 and _____in 1966 ?

A. 512
B. 2250
C. 33
D. None of them


6._____ is used in reference to two or more related species which occupy the same macrohabitat ?

A. Allopatric
B. Syntopic
C. Allotopic
D. both a, b


7. Species known to be Linnean times to be present and based on morphological geographical data called_____?

A. Cosmopolitan species
B. Tropicopolitan species
C. Morpho-geographical species
D. Continental species


8. These species indicate the number of phylogenic lines or lineages occurring at any particular time ?

A. Parapatric species
B. Contemporaneous species
C. Philapatric species
D. both b,c


9. Polytypic species consisting of two or more sub-species firstly defined by ____ ?

A. White (1975)
B. Sibley (1954)
C. Huxley (1940)
D. Blackwelder (1967)


10. Those living on isolated island which owe their fauna to dispersal methods other than overland migration ?

A. Insular species
B. philapatric species
C. Incipient species
D. Para species


11. _____the first to differentiate the species sub-species and Varities ?

A. Beckener
B. Kant
C. Darwin
D. Wilson and brown


12._______of subordinate status but in reality cannot be segregated cannot be classified ?

A. Sub-species
B. Pseudotaxa
C. orders
D. None of them


13. Morphologically homogenous group of an organism which is either from a single locality or from a single kind of habitat and is the starting point in all classifications ?

A. Species
B. Deme
C. kingdom
D. both a&c


14. A gradation in measurable characters called___ ?

A. Cline
B. Deme
C. Varities
D. all a, b, c


16. Harward biologist Edward Wilson estimated that nearly ____species become extinct every day ?

A. 156
B. 140
C. 200
D. 170


17. Different types of _____are also quite useful in picking up large number of small insects and other arthropods ?

A. Net
B. Aspirators
C. plants
D. None of them


18. Organdy is an excellent material because it is cheap or does not bunch up the wings of ____ ?

A. Lepidoptera
B. orthoptera
C. birds
D. blatteria


19. It was proposed by Linnaeus and was in common used for many years ?

A. Cline
B. Deme
C. variety
D. all a, b, c


20. Darwin (1859) could not clearly define the species and he was not able to solve the problem of ______ ?

A. Genetics
B. speciation
C. variety
D. systematic


21. Taxonomy is considered as the Science of ?

A. Morphological study
B. Species interactions
C. Naming and describing species
D. a + b


22. In term of Taxonomy which name is easy to understand worldwide ?

A. Common
B. Scientific
C. both a & b
D. none of them


23. Who was the first tried to classify organisms on their structural basis?

A. Aristotle
B. Theophrastus
C. Carolus Linnaeus
D. Edward Alexander


24. Linnaeus classified organisms in average ?

A. 7000
B. 8000
C. 9000
D. 10000


25. ——– designed life and ———– did the filing ?

A. Allah Almighty/Aristotle
B. Linnaeus/GOD
C. Alexander/Linnaeus
D. GOD/Linnaeus


26. Unique name is a ?

A. Bilingual
B. Binomial
C. Code-switching
D. Multi-lingual


27. Basic unit of classification ?

A. Kingdom
B. Phylum
C. Class
D. Species


28. Species most important characteristic ?

A. Interbreed
B. reproduce offspring
C. Reproduction
D. All of them


29. Homologous describes ?

A. Same structure/different function
B. same function/different structure
C. Similar to analogous
D. same structure/same function


30. Analogous describes ?

A. Same structure/different function
B. same function/different structure
C. Similar to analogous
D. same structure/same function


31. Convergent evolution has link with ?

A. Homologous
B. Analogous
C. both
D. none


32. Cladistic as method to remove more subjectivity has exposure with ?

A. Homologous structures
B. Analogous structures
C. both
D. none


33. More objective way to determine relationship ?

A. Numerical taxonomy
B. Cladistic taxonomy
C. Molecular taxonomy
D. a & b


35. Monophyletic means ?

A. Uncertain original ancestor
B. Lost original ancestor
C. Same (Single) original ancestor
D. Complicated evolutionary link


36. Phylogeny means ?

A. Structural similarities
B. Evolutionary relationship
C. Histological relationship
D. Functional similarities


37. Morphology means ?

A. Functional trait
B. Structural form
C. Molecular phylogeny
D. None


38. Recent taxonomy is following ?

A. Two kingdom system
B. Organism based system
C. Five kingdom system
D. a & b


39. Fossils of species ?

A. Dead traces and no reproduction
B. Fertile
C. can reproduce still
D. living


40. Clade describes ?

A. Set of organisms living same place
B. Set of organisms with common traits
C. Set of organisms with different traits
D. Set of organisms with common ancestor


41. 80 % alcohol is preserved by which type of animal group ?

A. Tbysanura
B. orthoptora
C. plecoptera
D. both a & c


42. Which animal groups picking the things with forceps ?

A. odoanta
B. Isoptera
C. Embiopetera
D. both b & c


43. Annelids have habitats like ?

A. Debris
B. water bodies / Aquatic
C. herbs
D. none of them


44. The apparatus used for collecting small insects and arachnids is ?

A. Aspirator
B. Barrier funnels
C. both
D. none


45. The smallest insects preferred for the pointing mounting except ?

A. Dipetera
B. Mesquites
C. Grasshoppers
D. none


46. The method for hard bodies and small insects is ?

A. Cording
B. spreading
C. Mounting
D. None


47. The specimen which in subject to destruction is ?

A. Spreading
B. Mounting
C. storage
D. both a & b


48. A good key is strictly ?

A. non-dicholmous
B. Dichotomous
C. both
D. none


49. Dwellings soil and leaf litters are habitats of ?

A. Plecoptera
B. Tbysanura
C. Orthopotera
D. Odoanta


50. Mecoptera has habitat in ?

A. Leaf litters
B. Damp wooded places
C. both
D. none of them


51. 70% alcohol is used to preserved in ?

A. Diptera
B. Mites
C. ticks
D. all


52. Aranceae is a ?

A. Insect
B. spiders
C. none
D. both


53. Berlrse funnel is useful in ?

A. Animals
B. birds
C. extracting insects
D. none


54. The most commonly and widely used killing agent ?

A. Potassium cyanide
B. calcium cyanide
C. Nitrogen cynade
D. None


55. The journal “Curator” is published by ?

A. American museum of natural history
B. University of Pennsylvania
C. Both
D. None


56. For relaxing insect a cotton swab soaked in about phenol ?

A. 10-12ml
B. 10-15ml
C. 10-13ml
D. None


57. The English pins have length of ?

A. 18-30mm
B. 17-20mm
C. 18-20mm
D. 16-30mm


58. The methods of identification animals are ?

A. 2
B. 5
C. 4
D. 6


59. Described species of animals ?

A. 0.5 million
B. million
C. 1.5 million
D. million


60. Awaiting discovery of animals ?

A. 2-10 million
B. 3-10 million
C. 4-10 million
D. 30 million


61. Provides the only key for information ?

A. Name
B. Structure
C. existence
D. none


62. Who points out all steps for environmental research ?

A. Aristotle
B. Linnaeus
C. Mandle
D. Sailor


63. Thinking population has their concern with ?

A. Parasitology
B. molecular biology
C. Theoretical biology
D. all of them


64. Which one is more effective?

A. Radiation control
B. Biological control
C. Chemical control
D. a + b


65. Taxonomist who took samples of mosquitoes ?

A. Hackett
B. bates
C. Hackett & bates
D. none of them


66. Who play important role in the identification of flora and fauna?

A. Paleontologist
B. microbiologist
C. histologist
D. mammologist


67. Agents cause environment problems ?

A. Flora
B. Fauna
C. mimic
D. pollutants


68. Soil fertility means ?

A. Ability to grow slow
B. Ability to grow healthy
C. Inability to grow fast
D. Inability to grow healthy


69. Which of the following organisms can be found in extreme saline conditions?

A. Eubacteria
B. Archaebacteria
C. Cyanobacteria
D. Mycobacteria


70. Linnaeus used which kingdom of classification?

A. Artificial system
B. Natural system
C. Phylogenetic system
D. Asexual system


71. Smallest Taxon of classification is ?

A. Kingdom
B. Family
C. Variety
D. Species


72. In which kingdom are Archaea and Nitrogen-fixing organisms classified?

A. Animalia
B. Plantae
C. Monera
D. Fungi


73. Bentham and Hooker gave which system of classification?

A. Numerical
B. Phylogenetic
C. Artificial
D. Natural


74. What is the main basis of classification in the five kingdom system?

A. Structure of nucleus
B. Structure of cell wall
C. Asexual Reproduction
D. Mode of Nutrition


75. Which one of the following is not applied for fungi?

A. They are eukaryotic
B. they are heterotrophic
C. they are both unicellular and multicellular
D. They possess a purely cellulosic cell wall


76. Linnaeus evolved a system of nomenclature called ?

A. Vernacular
B. Monomial
C. Polynomial
D. Binomial


77. What is a Taxon ?

A. A group of related families
B. A type of living organisms
C. A group of related species
D. A group of any ranking


78. Phylogenetic classification is based on ?

A. Overall similarities
B. Habit of plants
C. Common evolutionary descendants
D. All of these


79. Organizing taxonomic information in logical classification is called_________?

A. Systematic
B. Phenetic
C. Phylogenetic
D. Dendogram


80. Who is considered as the father of taxonomy?

A. Aristotle
B. Linnaeus
C. Earnest Haeckel
D. Whittaker


81. What is tautonym?

A. These are the repeated sequences
B. It is a name of fish
C. Identical name of genus and species
D. It is a name of the genus


82. What is the term given to a duplicate specimen of original type?

A. Lectotype
B. Holotype
C. Isotype
D. Neotype


83. Systematic is ?

A. Identification
B. nomenclature
C. relationships and classification
D. all the above


84. Classification deals with ?

A. Identification of organisms
B. arranging organisms into groups
C. Arranging organisms in herbaria and museums
D. naming, identification and grouping of organism


85. New systematic differs from classical systematic in employing ?

A. Experimental taxonomy
B. biochemical and cytotaxonomy
C. All biological parameters
D. numerical taxonomy


86. Taxonomy is important in agriculture because it helps in ?

A. Identification of plant pests
B. identification of weeds
C. identification of pathogens
D. All


87. Study of only one or a few organisms for obtaining knowledge about species/higher group is ?

A. Nominalistic concept
B. classical systematic
C. typological concept
D. new systematic


88. Phylogenetic system differs from a natural system in its stress on ?

A. Anatomical details
B. physiological traits
C. morphological details
D. origin and evolutionary trends


89. Two organisms with different correlated morphological characters belong to ?

A. One biological species
B. one taxonomic species
C. two biological species
D. two taxonomic species


90. In an artificial system of classification ?

A. A large number of characters are taken into consideration
B. correlated characters are relied upon
C. Physiological characters are relied upon
D. one or a few morphological characters are considered


91. Lectotype is ?

A. Duplicate of holotype
B. specimen described along with holotype
C. Specimen cited by author without making one holotype
D. Specimen selected from original material for nomenclature type when there is no holotype


92. Isotype is a specimen ?

A. Duplicate of holotype
B. Described along with holotype
C. Nomenclature type when the original is missing
D. Cited by author when there is no holotype


93. Neotype is ?

A. Nomenclature type from original material
B. Nomenclature type when the original material is missing
C. One of the two or more specimens cited by author
D. New species discovered by a scientist


94. Who developed the concept of phylogeny?

A. Linnaeus
B. Lamarck
C. Hippocrates
D. Ernst Haeckel


95. The scientist who first gave the dynamic concept of species ?

A. Julian Huxley
B. Linnaeus
C. Lamarck
D. john ray


96. Classification reflecting the evolutionary inter relationships of organisms is called ?

A. Phylogenetic classification
B. artificial classification
C. natural classification
D. None


97. Cytotaxonomy is a form of ?

A. Classical systematic
B. new systematic
C. morpho-systematics
D. all the above


98. Classification based on chromosome study or organisms is ?

A. Biochemical taxonomy
B. karyotaxonomy
C. numerical taxonomy
D. experimental taxonomy

 


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