Perspectives and Paradigms of Psychology Important Solved MCQs

Perspectives and Paradigms of Psychology Important Solved MCQs

1. Any response to an organism or activity is called.

A. Behaviour 

B. Reaction 

C. Conclusion 

D. Personality           

2. In 1885, Harmann Ebbinghaus, a German psychologist perform first experiment on.

A. Memory 

B. Cognition 

C. Conscious 

D. Unconscious            

3. An approach used to research design to systematically investigate a person or a group is called.

A. Directed observation 

B. Archival research 

C. Case history 

D. Descriptive research       

4. Scientific study of human behaviour and mental health is called.

A. Psychology 

B. Philosophy 

C. Physiology 

D. Sociology          

5. Wilhelm Wundt found first school of thought known as. 

A. Functionalism 

B. Behaviourism 

C. Psychoanalysis 

D. Structuralism        

6. Introspection used to analyse the process of human mind. 

A. Inner

B. Outer

C. Mental

D. Breaking        

7. theory is found in response to the molecular approach of Structuralism. 

A. Gestalt Psychology 

B. Functionalism 

C. Structuralism 

D. Psychoanalysis        

8. developed as a response to Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism. 

A. Structuralism 

B. Humanistic psychology 

C. Social psychology 

D. Cognitive psychology    

9. Wilhelm Wundt considers as the father of.

A. Old psychology 

B. Modern psychology 

C. Psychology 

D. All of these       

10. Wilhelm Wundt established the first experimental laboratory in. 

A. Leipzig, Germany 

B. France 

C. Italy

D. America          

11. Stanley Hall was the student of.

A. Aristotle 

B. Plato

C. Socrates 

D. Wilhelm Wundt        

12. Study that deals with the personal problems is psychology 

A. Counselling 

B. Clinical 

C. Social 

D. Cognitive             

13. focuses on the study of higher mental processes.

A. Social 

B. Cognitive 

C. Research 

D. Experimental            

14. who raised the level of medical investigations.

A. Hippocrates 

B. Aristotle 

C. Plato 

D. Socrates   

15. The eclectic approach.

A. Stresses the Gestalt perspective 

B. Emphasizes the Structuralism principles 

C. Embrace the variety of theoretical views

D. All of these              

16. Who among the following hold the view that things are things because they can be enumerated.

A. Pythagoras 

B. Plato 

C. Aristotle 

D. Heraclitus     

17. If there are no individual circular things there would be no such thing as the form called circulatory can be attributed to.

A. Socrates 

B. Plato 

C. Aristotle 

D.Augustine          

18. According to Freud three components of mind are.

A. Ego, I’d, super ego

B. Unconscious, moral, immoral 

C. Oral, Anal, Phallic 

D. Primary, Secondary, Tertiary        

19. is nature as is to nature.

A. Plato Aristotle

B. Stavros   Pliny

C. Pliny Archimedes

D. None

20. The school of psychology whose goal was to identify the basic elements is called_________.

A. Functionalism

B. Dualism

C. Structuralism

D. Mutualism 

21. Darwin’ theory of argued that physiological they are useful to the organism.

A. Extreme usefulness

B. Natural endowment

C. Natural selection

D. Artificial selection 

22. Freud founded the.

A. Palliative

B. Psychodynamic

C. Patronymic

D. Photo tonic

23. The founder of scientific psychology is.

A. J. B Watson

B. Aristotle

C. Willhelm Wundt

D. Pavlov

24. Largest field of specialization of psychology.

A. Psychiatry

B. Clinical

C. Educational

D. Psychological

25. Self observation refers.

A. Introspection

B. Psychology

C. Foretelling

D. None of these

26. The  perspective of psychology with study of cognation.

A. Cognitive

B. Experimental

C. Behaviourists

D. Biological 

27. means the study of.

A. Psyche

B. Psychos
C. Logos
D. None of the above
28. There are goals of psychology.
A. 5
B. 4
C. 6
D. 9
29. is the author of the Law of Natural Selection or Theory of Evolution.
A. Francis Galton
B. John Locke
C. Rene Descartes
D. Charles Darwin
30. Considered as the Father of Modern Psychology.
A. Francis Galton
B. John Locke
C. Rene Descartes
D. Wilhelm Wundt
31. is the founder of Functionalism.
A. Wolfgang Kohler
B. Max Wertheimer
C. William James
D. Edward Titchener
32. much influenced by Darwin Theory of Evolution.
A. Wolfgang Kohler
B. Max Wertheimer
C. William James
D. Edward Titchener
33. is the founder of Psychoanalysis.
A. J B Watson
B. Erikson
C. Adler
D. Freud
34. examines how people understand and think about the world.
A. Structuralism
B. Cognitive
C. Behavioristic
D. Psychodynamic
35. Value of correlational Coefficient is.
A. -2.00 to -1.00
B. 2.00 to 1.00
C. -1.00 to -1.00
D. +1.00 to -1.00
36.The word Cosmos means.
A. World
B. Logos
C. Human
D. Organisms
37. believe that earth a cylinder rests where it does because of its equidistance from everything else.
A. Anaximenes
B. Anaximander
C. Dilutes
D. Thales 
38. proposed two opposing processes of change: condensation and rarefaction.
A. Anaximenes
B. Anaximander
C. Dilutes
D. Thales 
39. What is, is being can be conceived of and expressed and What is not, is not notbeing is incomprehensible and inexpressible. is view of.
A. Anaximenes
B. Anaximander
C. Parmenides
D. Thales 
40. Everything is always changing is the view of pre Socratic Philosopher.
A. Anaximenes 
B. Heraclitus
C. Parmenides
D. Empedocles 
41. The great scholar and Sufi mystic Al-Ghazli wrote the book Ihya.
A.Yes
B.No
 
42. Jung called the ancestral memories and images.
A.unconscious       
B.conscious     
C.archetypes           
D.all of above
43. According to Carl Jung psyche of a man contains feminine aspects.
A.Persona
B.shadow    
C.anima         
D.animus
44. According to Carl Jung The psyche of a woman contains masculine aspects.
A.Persona
B.shadow    
C.anima         
D.animus
45. Is free association a psychoanalytic  therapy.
A.Yes
B.No
46. Founder of structuralism school of thought was.
A.E.B Titchener   
B.J.B Waston     
C.Wundt     
D.Plato
47. Who introduced the case study of a patient known as Anna O. 
A.Dr. Josef Breuer    
B.Sigmund Frued  
C.Carl Jung 
D.None of these
48. Neurotic needs create hostility and anti social behavior.
A.Need to move towards others             
B.Need to move away from others
C.Need to move against others             
D.All above
 
49. The first psychology laboratory was established by whom an in which  year.
A.Wundt-1879     
B.Freud; 1900 
C.James; 1890     
D.Watson; 1913
50. Refusing to acknowledge anxiety provoking thoughts and impulses are known as.
A.Unconscious   
B.Denial    
C.Repression
D.Projection 
51. Incorporating characteristics of a drive object into one’s own ego are known as.
A.identification   
B.Denial    
C.Repression
D.Projection
 
52. Redirecting drive energy into a socially acceptable activity.
A.sublimation     
B.Denial    
C.displacement 
D.Projection
53. Reacting in a way which is opposite to one’s actual impulses.
A.sublimation   
B.rationalization 
C.displacement 
D.reaction formation

54. The meaning of word psyche. 
A.study                           
B.mind or soul
C.shape                          
D.behavior
55. Behavior can either be simple or complex.
A.Unconscious
B.Conscious
C.rational
D.a, b and c
56. Who believed that at birth the human mind is a “tabula rose” or a blank slate.
A.John Locke
B.Aristotle
C.Rene Descartes
D.Charles Darwin
57. Rene descartes present the concept of dualism.
A.Yes
B.No
58. The word psychology is.
A.Greek                
B.English  
C.latin 
D.German 
59. The definition of psychology is.
A.study of personality and behavior
B.study of personality and mental illness
C.study of mind and behavior
E.none of these  
60. The school of psychology whose goal was to identify the basic elements is called.
A. Functionalism
B. Dualism   
C.Structuralism  
D.None of these  
61. Darwin’ theory of argued that physiological they are useful to the organism.
A.Extreme usefulness
B.Natural endowment
C.Natural selection
D.None of these  
62. The founder of scientific psychology is.
A.J. Waston
B.Aristotle
C.Willhelm Wundt
D.None of these
63. Self-observation refers.
A.Introspection
B.Psychology
C.Foretelling
D.None of these
64. The perspective of psychology with study of mental processes.
A.Cognitive
B.Experimental
C.Behaviorist
D.None of these
 
65. Which view of human nature considered to be the most philosophicaland least scientific Behaviorism.  
A.cognitive psychology 
B.humanism    
C.psychoanalysis
D.none of these
 
66. Which of the followling would be one the key concepts of behaviorism.
A.individualism           
B.environment 
C.unconscious            
D.self-actualization
67. Archetype is a terminology associated
with.
A.Jung                      
B.Freud
C.Adler                      
D.Skinner
68. term self actualization comes from which psychological perspective.
A.cognitive           
B.Biological
C.Humanistic        
D.none of these
69. The person who established the first psychological laboratory for research.
A.Aristotle         
B.sigmned freud
C.William Wundt      
D.none of these
70. Behaviorism is focused on observable behavior.
A.Yes
B.No
71. Founder of structuralism school of thought was.
A.E.B Titchener   
B.J.B Waston     
C.Wundt     
D.Plato
72. 14 Which of the following is not one of the characteristics attributed to consciousness by William James. 
A.stability      
B.personal         
C.continuous         
D.selective
73. Who is the founder of behaviorism.
A.william james         
B.J.B waston
C.I.P pavlov                
D.Alfred binate
74. Behavior can either be simple or complex.
A.Unconscious
B.Conscious
C.rational
D.a, b and c
75. Who believed that at birth the human mind is a “tabula rose” or a blank slate.
A.John Locke
B.Aristotle
C.Rene Descartes
D.Charles Darwin
76. Rene descartes present the concept of dualism.
A.Yes
B.No
77. The word psychology is.
A.Greek                
B.English  
C.latin 
D.German 
78. The definition of psychology is.
A.study of personality and behavior
B.study of personality and mental illness
C.study of mind and behavior
D.none of these  
79. humanistic approach to psychology was founded by.
A.Wundt and James    
B.Rogers and Maslow 
C.Watson and Skinner    
D.Freud and Jung
80. the branch of psychology that deals with how society influence individual behavior.
A. social psychology 
B. cognitive psychology 
C. development
D. education psychology
81. E.B. Tetchier (1867-1927) defined ‘Psychology’ as the science of.
A.Conscious Experience
B.Science of Mind
C.Science of Experience
D.Science of Soul
82. Self-observation refers.
A.Introspection
B.Psychology
C.Foretelling
D.None of these
83. The  perspective of psychology with study of mental processes.
A.Cognitive
B.Experimental
C.Behaviorist
D.None of these

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